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Johnsons Veterinary Products Bitch Spray,X-Large

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At most it could maybe have a use to allow a bitch to take a short walk on lead past a dogs house and maybe keep him from getting too excited. If this happens, she may be acting as if she is nursing pups and the operation at this time would cause such sudden changes in hormone levels that it would be unfair to her. Also if she was producing milk, the enlargement of the milk glands would make it more difficult for the spay wound to heal. When the operation is finished, the gas anaesthetic is reduced and the bitch begins to wake up. She will be constantly monitored and the tube removed from her windpipe when she reaches the right level of wakefulness. Recovery Unless you want an unwanted pregnancy on your hands, take all measures necessary to protect your bitch.

Should the entire reproductive tract be removed (ovariohysterectomy) or just the ovaries (ovariectomy)? Despite this there is little in the way of consistency in advice regarding optimum timing of spays, and little agreement about risks or benefits.

Sadly, there is no one answer to all these questions, so some controversy must necessarily remain: however, a review of some of the literature may help the practice nurse advise clients better on their neutering decisions. Should we spay? However, a systematic review of clinical papers by Beauvais et al in 2012 found only weak statistical evidence to suggest that spaying at any age increased the risk of urinary incontinence, and concluded that present evidence is not strong enough to provide any recommendation on the best age to perform spay to avoid incontinence, or even whether spaying causes urinary incontinence. Obesity Shake the Johnson’s Bitch Spray can before use. Spray the can from about 30cm (12”). Apply a half-second spray to each side of the hind quarters, also under the hind legs and base of tail. Spray twice daily, particularly before exercise. Your bitch should be kept on a lead to avoid any undue risk. If possible, commence spraying two to three days before the Season starts and continue daily until several days after termination. It would also be helpful to spray around doors and gates of the house. For all of these reasons, the time chosen to spay is usually either before the first season occurs, or 3-4 months after a season. A physical examination by the vet will determine whether a 5-6 month old bitch puppy is mature enough to spay before her first season. Before the operation

In addition to the BVA's statement, other reputable organisations (e.g. the Kennel Club, RSPCA, Dog's Trust) strongly support spaying of bitches, but all suggest that the advantages and disadvantages should be weighed up in every individual case. There are few behavioural advantages of spaying (other than avoiding pseudopregnancy), but several often-stated medical advantages. Similarly, there are no published behavioural disadvantages of spaying, but several medical disadvantages. Let us consider these in turn. Advantages Stopping pseudopregnancy In Sweden, until 2012 it was illegal to spay a bitch (other than for a medical reason). Although that law has now been slightly relaxed, a study during that time showed that approximately 25% of bitches will have had pyometra ( Figure 1) by the time they reach 10 years of age ( Egenvall et al, 2001). Since pyometra is a potentially life-threatening illness, which can be prevented by spaying, this in itself may provide an argument for recommending spaying for all bitches. The British Veterinary Association (BVA) published a policy document in 2014 which ‘strongly supports the practice of …spaying of bitches’ ( www.bva.co.uk/News-campaigns-and-policy/policy/Companion…/Neutering/). The policy document listed the benefits of spaying as: avoiding the potential distress of pseudopregnancy, removing the risk of pyometra, reducing the risk of mammary tumours and the cessation of oestrus (thus obviating the need for seclusion of a bitch while in heat). Performing spay surgery on a bitch is one of the most common surgeries undertaken at first opinion veterinary practices. It is also one of the most controversial surgeries, with many people (veterinary surgeons, nurses and lay people) having firm views on three main aspects:

Please note: Each batch may vary from consistency, colour and scent due to being natural and handmade.

Interestingly enough, it would appear that spaying increases the expected lifespan of a bitch ( Michel, 1999; Hoffman et al, 2013; Howe, 2015). The average lifespan of a bitch may well increase by a little over 1 year if spayed ( O'Neill et al, 2013), although this seems to depend very much on dog breed and size. It is uncertain what is responsible for the increased lifespan, although changes to telomere length (a part of the chromosome that is responsible for ageing changes) in neutered or nulliparous individuals has been postulated ( Perls et al, 2002). Disadvantages Urinary incontinence Again, the general consensus among the veterinary populace and the public is that spaying can increase the risk of obesity in bitches. Although it is hard to find good evidence for this in the literature, a study by Lefebvre et al (2013) found that the risk of weight gain post spaying was only present in the first 2 years after neutering, and that age at neutering did not affect the propensity for weight gain. It would thus seem sensible to advise owners to pay particular attention to their pet's weight in the first 2 years after neutering. Increased risk of other diseases Unfortunately, despite a wealth of literature, there is little or no conclusive evidence for risks of, e.g. urinary incontinence, or for potential advantages, e.g. reduction of mammary tumours. Keep treated animals away from fires and other sources of heat for at least 30 minutes following spraying and until coat is totally dry.

Should we spay?

Unfortunately, there is little agreement in the available literature on the optimum age for spaying. As mentioned above, the evidence for reduction in mammary tumours when spaying prepubertal bitches is scant, but there may be some merit in doing so ( Arlt et al, 2017). Similarly, the risks of post spay urinary incontinence are not fully known (Beauvais et al; 2002), although the general recommendation is to delay spaying until after 3–4 months in some breeds ( Howe, 2015), possibly later than 12 months in certain larger breeds ( Hart et al, 2016). Again, both of these studies were retrospective, and dealt with quite restricted populations of bitches, so the evidence is far from conclusive. It would make sense that bitches in rescue centres should be considered for juvenile spaying, as this reduces the risk of unwanted litters; it is less clear what advice to give private owners. The author currently advises his clients to consider juvenile spaying (3 months onwards) for bitches whose ultimate weight is likely to be <15 kg, and 6 months of age for those with an expected adult weight of >15 kg. Ovariohysterectomy or ovariectomy? Like humans, dogs are often a bit woozy as they come round, so she will be placed in a cage with soft warm bedding and kept under observation. Usually they will wake up uneventfully and then sleep it off for the rest of the day. After-care Various pieces of equipment will then be connected up to monitor the anaesthetic. This is a skilled job which would usually be carried out by a qualified veterinary nurse. Apart from the operating table, the instruments and the anaesthetic machine, a lot of specialised equipment will be on “stand by” in case it is needed. Figure 3. The uterus and ovaries from a 2yo Springer Spaniel following routine ovariohysterectomy. Note the cyst on the left ovary: this was an incidental finding at surgery.

Spaying is a very common procedure in the UK ( Diesel et al, 2010) and confers very obvious advantages (reduction of unwanted litters, prevention of pseudopregnancy, cessation of oestrus and prevention of pyometra). Other advantages such as reduction in mammary tumours have yet to be conclusively proven. On the other hand, there may be an increased risk of certain tumours, orthopaedic diseases and obesity; possibly also of urinary incontinence. There is little consensus on the optimum timing of spaying: ultimately this may well be dependent on breed and other factors. However, the choice of whether to perform a full ovariohysterectomy, or an ovariectomy, appears to be amenable to personal preference and practice policy: there seems to be no difference in outcome between the two. I know you have likely taken the earlier advice but just to be clear more for others reading this in the future than you necessarilyIt is important that clients are fully informed of potential risks/benefits of spaying, but without clear objective information it is difficult to do so. We all know the problem of taking our little princess pooch out for a walk when she’s in season and she suddenly gets the unwanted attention of a male admirer. It’s a nuisance and can be distressing for your dog. That’s when the ‘Bitch Spray’ comes into its own. It will help to discourage any advances from male dogs by disguising the natural oestrus odour of a bitch. While the bitch is being prepared for surgery as mentioned above, the surgeon will be “scrubbing up” and putting on sterile clothing (gown, gloves, hat & mask) just as in all television surgical drama programmes. The surgical instruments will have been sterilised in advance and are opened and laid out at the start of the operation. There is no way on Earth that bitch spray could ever in anyway ever be used to stop a dog the bitch lives with noticing that she is in season.

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